Greek tragedy was a popular and influential form of drama performed in theatres across ancient Greece from the late 6th century BCE. The most famous playwrights of the genre were Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. Tragedy led to Greek comedy and, together, these genres formed the foundation upon which all modern theatre is based.
.Aeschylus (525 -455 B.C.) also called the "Father of Tragedy", expanded the number of characters/ actors in plays, whereas characters previously had interacted only with the chorus. He also attempted to involve the chorus directly in the action of the play. He was probably the first dramatist to present plays as a trilogy. He won the first prize 13 times. He wrote around 90 plays (only 7 have survived), among which are: "Prometheus bound" , "Oresteia" and "The Persians".
Sophocles (495/405 BC) is the second of the three great tragedy writers. He introduced scenery and scenes n his plays and gave emphasis on character development. He wrote 123 plays, but only 7 have survived. He competed in about 30 competitions, winning around 24. Among his great, world- widely known tragedies are "Oedipus" and "Antigone"
Euripides ( 480 BC- 406 BC) is the youngest of the three great tragedians of antiquity. He gradually diminishes the choir's role in favour of a monody sung by the characters, while he portrays his characters' psychology with realism. He created 92 plays. His plays "Helen", "the Bacchae", "Medea" and "Faedra" are among those which are put up in theatres internationally.
The comedy was born in ancient Greece (late 5th century BC ) , which is predominantly satirical and deals mainly with the politics of the time, the average (early 4th century BC ) and the new comedy ( 4th-3rd century BC), which raises their interest in family life and study of characters.
Aristophanes ( 445 BC - 390 or 380) was the greatest comedian of his age and perhaps of all ages. He kept creating comedies for a period of 40 years. He produced 54 plays, of which only 11 survived.
DEMOCRACY AND PERICLES
v was born in 495 BC in Athens, Greece
vHe died in 429 BC in Athens , Greece
vBest known as the leader of Athens during its golden age (During the Age of Pericles, Athens blossomed as a center of education, art, culture, and democracy)
He also worked on reforming the Athenian democracy. For him democracy means equality of all the citizens to the law.